8
Jun
parabola-magazine:

"Very slowly over many years, I learned that consenting to be with what is, body, heart, and mind, without judging or seeking to change anything in any way, allows a new energy or vibration or feeling of life to appear—and this is the truth I was searching for. This truth can be found only in the moment. One moment we are fully embodied beings, sensing and feeling the world around us and inside us, opening to perceptions of reality that lead us towards a living unknown. The next moment, we contract into thought, into stories about who we are and what the world is like, splitting off from the whole to claim our little portion of the life force as our own. But from earliest childhood, that same energy in us seeks the greater energy, seeks to be part of the greater whole."–Editor, Tracy Cochran on finding the infinite in the finite from “Seeking Verity" in our new winter issue.To subscribe to Parabola Magazine, click here:

The Portal of Passion by St. John the Divine in the UK.

parabola-magazine:

"Very slowly over many years, I learned that consenting to be with what is, body, heart, and mind, without judging or seeking to change anything in any way, allows a new energy or vibration or feeling of life to appear—and this is the truth I was searching for. This truth can be found only in the moment. One moment we are fully embodied beings, sensing and feeling the world around us and inside us, opening to perceptions of reality that lead us towards a living unknown. The next moment, we contract into thought, into stories about who we are and what the world is like, splitting off from the whole to claim our little portion of the life force as our own. But from earliest childhood, that same energy in us seeks the greater energy, seeks to be part of the greater whole."

–Editor, Tracy Cochran on finding the infinite in the finite from “Seeking Verity" in our new winter issue.

To subscribe to Parabola Magazine, click here:

The Portal of Passion by St. John the Divine in the UK.

8
Jun
mpetrick:

Mountain

Ancient temples made of stone in India. Wonderful!

mpetrick:

Mountain

Ancient temples made of stone in India. Wonderful!

23
Feb

Pyramids, Triptych and the Holy Trinity 

The truth  —-that inkling deep inside—- always seems to stir when I think of Pyramids. When I ponder the structures and their associated ideas, I wonder if the pyramids were meant to emulate certain qualities that allow a flesh and blood human to aspire to greater things. And by greater things I would see an unfolding of deeper and deeper understanding of man’s place in the Cosmos.

One curious aspect of these structures lies in the fact that certain design characteristics are repetitious. Not only are the shapes repeated within a culture, but general idea is repeated throughout the world and over time.

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In this way, there is a certain sense of timelessness associated with a structure so commonly produced. Also, there seems to be a multitude of such ideas present in the complex. One such idea is a Triptych.

Triptych are three-door temples that stand at the entry-way to Sacred Science. We can locate pyramid ruins that have largely similar design across cultures. This type of doorway is copied in a format that has one large door in the center and two smaller doors on each side. This idea has been copied in ancient structures, modern structures and art.

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The design is mimicked in the Cathedrals of Europe. 

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This particular concept describes an idea of a triplicate. Underlying the day-to-day mundane existence, there lies a hypostases. A hypostases is the singular of a Hypostasis. Hypostasis is a reality that both you and I experience. It is interesting that hypostasis also means “that which settles at the bottom” which might be a commentary of our own role in the trinity. However, the plural of this word —or hypostases— is a combined reality supports encompasses and transcends our own singular reality.

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It is within the hypostases, we see how the ancients knew mystical truths about the underpinnings of our individual realities.This concept is most commonly known as a holy trinity. In Christianity this is known as the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost.

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In Hinduism, the holy trinity is represented as three Gods known as the trimurti or Brahma (the creator), Vishnu (the preserver) and Shiva (the destroyer). In Hinduism, the entire hypostases is represented as Brahman, the true-self or infinity. This is the all-encompassing aspect of hypostases.

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And in Buddhism, Buddha himself is called in the Tipitika as “Brahma Bhuto”, Bhuto literally means Ghost or even Spirit. Brahma means “divine creation” — literally. It has been said that Buddha himself is the divine holy Ghost.

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What I found in examining Pyramids, Triptychs and the Holy Trinity was uncovering a bit of a Theosophical background within myself. Theosophists believed that all religions are attempts to help humanity
 to evolve to greater perfection, and that each religion therefore holds a portion of 
the truth. Artists from a theosophical background (as well as pyramid builders, I suspect) had sought to transform the physical into 
the spiritual by way of using their materials. Isn’t it absolutely marvelous that one can experience the truth of the holy trinity by simply walking through a doorway? I think this is artistry of a most high magnitude. Substance, form and meaning all wrapped into a lovely piece of architecture!

25
Jan

Bodh Gaya, the Bodhi Tree and full moon festivals  

Bodh Gaya is a famous pilgrimage destination that is associated with the Mahabodhi Temple Complex in Gaya district in the Indian state of Bihar. The historical place at which the Enlightenment took place became a place of pilgrimage. Though it is not mentioned in the scriptures, the Buddha must have visited Bodh Gaya again in the course of his teaching career.

About 250 years after the Enlightenment, the Buddhist Emperor, Ashoka visited the site and is considered the founder of the Mahabodhi Temple. According to the tradition, Ashoka, as well as establishing a monastery, erected a diamond throne shrine at this spot with a canopy supported by four pillars over a stone representation of the Vajrasana, the Seat of Enlightenment.

We stumbled across a fun festival to celebrate the birth of the Buddah. Bodh Gaya is a religious city and many festivals are celebrated here! Including a very famous gathering for world peace attended by the Dalai Lama. The full moon festival, Buddha Jayanti, is one of the important festivals held in April or May during a full moon day. This festival marks the birthday of Buddha, but also commemorates his Enlightenment.

It has been said by some, what Mecca is to Muslims and The Temple Mount is to Jews, the Bodhi tree is to Buddhists. This tree is the living representation of the tree under which Guantanama Buddah understood the nature of the mind. In this way, this tree is a symbol for man’s quest for Enlightenment. When the Buddah sat down to contemplate Enlightenment, he has been quoted to say: “Here on this seat my body may shrivel up, my skin, my bones, my flesh may dissolve, but my body will not move from this seat until I have attained Enlightenment, so difficult to obtain in the course of many kalpas”.

After this act, it is said been the Buddah himself sanctioned the first planting of stalks at Bodh Gaya to be a focal point of devotional offerings while he was away on pilgrimage. Here a descendant of the tree stands to this day.

Surviving terrorist bomb attacks on July 7, 2013, the Bodhisattva Tree is said to be in good health and Bodh Gaya is poised to celebrate a magnificent comeback this year. The festival of Buddha Jayanti will be held on May 14, 2014 and celebrates the birth of Gautam Buddha in 563 BC. Devotees are scheduled to come from all over the world this year making this a global event. The full fervor of celebration in Bogh Gaya will be joined by two other holy cities.

30
Dec
The Sacred Site & Travel Blog turned 1 today! Thanks for sharing the journey. I am pleased to report that I’ve passed my final exams at Holos University. It’s going to be a great year as we move forward with the work at Sacred Sites for the dissertation study! Stay tuned…

With gratitude

Erik Vereczkey
Doctoral candidate
Holos University

The Sacred Site & Travel Blog turned 1 today! Thanks for sharing the journey. I am pleased to report that I’ve passed my final exams at Holos University. It’s going to be a great year as we move forward with the work at Sacred Sites for the dissertation study! Stay tuned…

With gratitude

Erik Vereczkey
Doctoral candidate
Holos University

27
Nov

Sacred Sites of Hawaii

  • Take a tour of some of the idyllic sites across the many islands
  • Native Hawaiians have longstanding spiritual connections in many locations
  • a rich history of folklore and myth make this a rich tradition worth studying!

Picture #1 - Puu Loa Petroglyphs

About 16 miles from the rim of Kilauea, on the southeastern coast of the Big Island, is a trailhead that leads to Puu Loa, Hawaii’s largest field of petroglyphs. The site, within Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, contains over 23,000 centuries-old etchings—of dimples, circles, bars, even humans and sailing canoes—in hardened lava formed sometime between the years 1200 and 1450.

Picture #2 - Puuhonua o Honaunau National Park

For centuries, Hawaiian society, stratified into classes of chiefs, priests, skilled laborers and commoners, operated under a system of laws called kapu. The punishment for breaking the kapu, set forth by the gods, was death—unless the criminal fled to a puuhonua, or place of refuge.

Picture #3 - Puukohola Heiau Historic Site  

The Hawaiian Islands were first unified through King Kamehameha I.  The Heiau at Pu`ukohola on the Big Island of Hawaii has a prime significance in this rich history. The remains of the Heiau (temple or “spiritual place”) at Pu`ukohola is currently a US National Historic Site. Pu`ukohola, or hill of the whale, is named as it appears like a whale’s tail from below. This quite large structure is comprised of loose, tightly fitting, rocks (lava stone) without mortar and is considered the last temple built by the ancient Hawaiians between the years of 1790 and 1791, under the leadership of Kamehameha I. The construction was undertaken due to a prophecy received by Kamehameha that if he built this temple he would achieve his goal of unifying the islands. Long human chains, likely miles long, passed the water worn, smooth rocks many miles from Pololu Valley to build the heiau. After the relatively short time of approximately one year, the heiau was completed and the process – through many battles – for unification was underway.

Picture #4 - Mt. Haleakala, Maui

Massive Haleakala Volcano comprises the whole of east Maui and its 10,023 foot height provides abundant water as well as an almost temperate climate zone on its western slope that locals call “Upcountry Maui.” Haleakala means the ‘House of the Sun’, and originally applied only to the eastern peak. According to Polynesian legend it was here that the demigod Maui captured the sun and forced it to slow its journey across the sky in order to give his people more daylight hours. Before then the sun had moved too rapidly and there was little time to do anything during the day. Today the name Haleakala is applied to the entire mountain. Archaeological studies of several small temples and altars within the crater indicate that Hawaiian peoples venerated Haleakala since at least 800 AD.

Picture #5 - Kukaniloko  

From perhaps as early as 1100 to the late 1700s, pregnant women bearing the children of Hawaii’s chiefs came to Kukaniloko to give birth. Often referred to in oral traditions as the piko, or navel, for its location in the center of Oahu, the grouping of 180 boulders is considered to be a spiritual center of the island.

Picture #6 - Keahiakawelo

Centuries ago, at a prominent hill in Kaa, a traditional land division in the northern portion of the island of Lanai, native Hawaiians would offer prayers to Kane, a god associated with freshwater and life. In 1400, Kawelo, a priest of the region, began to notice that the health of his people and their animals was deteriorating. Kawelo traced their illnesses to a fire that Lanikaula, another priest, was burning across the Kalohi Channel on the island of Molokai. To ward off Lanikaula’s bad prayers, Kawelo made his own fire. He also went a step further. He fetched some of Lanikaula’s feces from Molokai and burned them in his fire in Lanai. According to Kepa Maly, the executive director of the Lanai Culture and Heritage Center, whose kapuna, or elders, taught him the story, the sorcerous act led to the death of Lanikaula and restored health to Lanai.

Picture #7 - Mauna Kea, 

at 13,796 feet, is the tallest mountain in Hawaii and all of the Pacific Ocean. If measured from its base at the ocean’s floor, 16,000 feet down, it is the tallest in the world. Due to its great weight it has also subsided an estimated 35,000 feet into the crust. Adjacent to Mauna Kea, the cone of Mauna Loa, is only 35 meters lower. Mauna Kea comprises 23% of the island of Hawaii and is its fourth most active volcano. The oldest known rocks are perhaps 237,000 years old and the age of Mauna Kea is estimated to be 1 million years. Mauna Kea is currently dormant and its last eruption was approximately 4500 years ago.  

Picture # 8 - Mauna Kea Winter Solstice Celebration

Winter snow falls on the heights, accumulating to many feet, and this has given the peak its indigenous name Mauna Kea, meaning ‘White Mountain.’ Glaciers have existed on Mauna Kea, an estimated three times in the past 100,000 years. Since humans first came to the Hawaiian Islands, Mauna Kea has exerted a powerful spiritual magnetism and pilgrims have often made the long climb up its steep slopes. In Hawaiian mythology, the peaks of all the Hawaiian Islands are sacred, and Mauna Kea is one of the most sacred. An ancient law allowed only high-ranking tribal chiefs to visit its peak. In a modern Mauna Kea Solstice Ceremony a Hawaiian elder whispers “Remember the mood tonight is aloha. The prayer tonight is ssssshhhh… listen. We are not going to the summit to speak. We are going there to listen.”  The summit is the highest point among all the islands of Polynesia and is known as a Wao Akua, sacred realm of the gods. Mauna Kea has more than 90 shrines and burial sites. Areas where spirits live have always been respectfully kapu. Building on this sacred space is desecration of cultural and spiritual land.

Picture #9 -The Trails of the last Temple Of Mu, KAUAI

Ancient Hawaiians practiced skills that many of us would easily recognize today. They used telepathy, clairvoyance and geomancy. They did channeling, dream interpretation, and astral travel. They healed with herbs, energy, symbols and beliefs. The places where they did these things still exist, right where so many people think the modern world has taken over. Their descendants exist, too - in the same areas, doing the same things. Kauai, the Garden Island, is so rich in spiritual and magical places and so small in area that its hard not to find an ancient site no matter where you go.  Because of this fact, some Hawaiian elders have dubbed the entire island as the Temple of Mu - one of densest spiritual remnants of the ancient lost empire (according to legend). After the deluge (great flood sinking the MU central continent) there were left three peoples who made their home on Kauai: the Mu (Rena-mu), the Wa (Ke-na-wa), and the Menehune. The three peoples are told of building the old heiaus (temples made of stone), fishponds, and other stonework found about the island. Three of the best trails to explore the Last Temple of Mu are: 

  1. The Kukui Trail is a 5-mile trail dropping about 2,000 feet into the Waimea Canyon. It offers a short route going to the canyon floor. As a form of reward from nature, there is a huge swimming hole at the canyon’s bottom.
  2. The Kuilau Ridge Trail is a 4.2-mile hike that offers picturesque views of a wealth of flora and several waterfalls. Its trailhead is a mile from the University of Hawaii Agricultural Experimental Station.
  3. The Kalalau Trail is noted for being the original hiking route going to Kalalau Valley. It offers panoramic views of the equally popular Kee Beach and Na Pali Coast. Many hikers decide to take an overnight camp and spend the night at Hanakapial, where you can mingle with other hiking adventurists for a unique nightlife. This trail is most suited for experienced hikers for logical reasons.

Picture #10 -Heiau Pilgrimage

Hawaiian Temples or Heiaus are typically rock platforms central to the ancient society for religious purposes. Heiau were constructed under the direction of the ali‘i nui (high chiefs) and kähuna (priests). They were dedicated to different gods for various purposes which could change over time with a new ali‘i. The mana (divine power) of the ali‘i dictated strict kapu (prohibitions) at these sites. Prayers and rituals were offered up here to Ku (spirit of battle), Lono (spirit of peace), Laka and Pele (spirits of Hula), and other principal dieties. The entire of network of Heiaus fell into ruin and disuse with the arrival of Christian missionaries (what a surprise!) and the promotion of foreigner religions. As with all other energetically charged sites, however, the locations of these heiau still carry the charge of spiritual tone and energetics. An interesting sacred site idea visit to the Hawaiian Islands is a multi-stop heiau pilgrimage. The listing of heiau’s for the various islands is, as follows:

Island of Maui: Haleki`i Heiau and Pihana Kalani Heiau 

In Wailuku aside Iao stream immediately off Hiway 340. Sacred Haleki`i was contructed in the 1700’s formerly the size of a football field. Pihana Kalani sits nearby and was believed to be a sacrificial temple.Haleki’i and Pihana Heiau are the most accessible of the remaining pre-contact Hawaiian structures of religious and historical importance in the Wailuku-Kahului area. Located about 1/4 miles inland along the west side of Iao Stream, they overlook Iao Stream, Kahului Bay, Wailuku Plain and Paukukalo Hawaiian Homestead. According to oral tradition the Menehune (little people) are credited with the construction of both heiau in a single night using rock from Paukukalo Beach. Both temples were used to perform ritual sacrifice in the ancient past. 

Island of Maui: Hale Pi`ilani Heiau 

Considered to be the largest in Hawai`i, this Heiau lies in Hana on private property now owned by the Pacific Tropical Botanical Gardens. Recently through the efforts of the local community the heiau has been re-constructed to its original granduer. The grounds around the heiau now feature the world’s largest collection of Breadfruit trees.

Island of Hawaii: Ahu’ena HeiauKailua Kona - Ali’i Dr, near Palani Rd. at King Kamehameha’s Kona Beach Resort. Restored in 1812 by King Kamehameha 1.

Island of Hawaii: Heiau O Kalalea South Point Park. 60 feet long and 40 feet wide, believed to have been built by the “menehune”. Also found here is the ancient Pu’u Ali’i Burial Site, a burial site for Hawaiian royalty.

Island of Hawaii:Kailua Kona - Ali’i Dr., a mile south of White Sands Beach Park. The heiau is a stone platform, approx. 100 feet long and 50 feet wide and used by Hawaiian chiefs to pray for good surf.

Island of Hawaii: Pu’uhonua O Honaunau - Hwy. 160, 3 1/2 miles west of Hwy. 11. 180-acre national historic park preserve, containing Pu’uhonua O Honaunau, or “Place of Refuge,” where violators of the ancient Hawaiian “kapu” system sought refuge. One of the best-preserved heiaus.

Island of Hawaii: Pu’ukohola Heiau - 1/4 mile west of the junction of Hwy. 270 and Hwy. 19. National Historical Site. 77-acre park with two other heiaus (Mailekini Heiau and Haleakapuni Heiau) located offshore and submerged in the ocean.

Island of Hawaii: Mo’okini Heiau -Hwy. 270, to mile marker 20, then 2 miles north on a secondary road to Upolu Point, and 1 1/2 miles west from Upolu Point on a small dirt road to the heiau. 280 feet long, 140 feet wide and 25 feet high. Built in 480 A.D. and rebuilt in the 12th century.

Island of Hawaii: Kane’ele’ele Heiau - Hwy. 11 to Punalu’u Rd. to Punalu’u Beach 8 miles east of Na’alehu. 250 feet long and 150 feet wide.

Island of Kauai: Ka’ulu a Paoa Heiau - Kuhio Hwy. to western end of Ke’e Beach in Haena State Park, to a trail along the shoreline. Dedicated to Laka, the Hawaiian goddess of hula and where she did much of her dancing. Students of the hula still make this pilgrimage.

Island of Moloka`i: Ili’iliopae Heiau - Kamehameha V Hwy. to the Wailau Trail. Private property. Can be accessed with permission from Destination Molokai (553-3876). 87-foot-wide and 286-foot-long platform. Was both a place of worship and human sacrifice.

Island of O`ahu: Pu’uomahuka HeiauKamehameha Hwy. on Pupukea Rd., across from Pupukea Beach and 1 mile north of Waimea Bay. State Monument. The “Hill of Escape” is the largest heiau on Oahu at 575 feet long and 170 feet wide. Believed to have been built by the menehune.There is a paved trail that journeys around the heiau. Open 7 a.m.-7 p.m.

Island of O`ahu: Ulupo HeiauKalanianaole Hwy. to Pali Hwy. North on Ulupo St. and east on Manu Aloha St., south on Manu O’o St. which leads to the YMCA. State Historical Site. 180 feet long and 140 feet wide, believed to have been built by the menehune.

Island of O`ahu: Kuilioloa HeiauFarrington Hwy. to Kane’ilio Point, at the southwest end of Pokai Bay Beach in Waianae.150 feet long and 35 feet wide. Three platforms surrounded on three sides by the ocean. A place of refuge.

Island of O`ahu: Kaneaki HeiauMakaha Valley Rd then east on Maunaolu St. to Alahele St. in the Mauna Olu Estates. 150 feet long and 75 feet wide, comprising an altar, two thatched houses. Originally built between 1470 and 1640, and enlarged and modified into a war temple. Open 10am-2pm, Tues.-Sun.

Concluding Notes: PLEASE GRANT THE HAWAIIAN CULTURE THE RESPECT IT PROPERLY DESERVES. THIS BLOG IS WRITTEN WITH THE INTENTION OF BEING A MATURE PILGRIM VISITING OTHER TRADITIONS IN THE HOPES OF EDIFYING YOUR OWN EXISTENCE. AS NOTED IN THE POST ABOVE, THE HAWAIIAN CULTURE HAS CONNECTION TO ANCIENT CIVILIZATION AND HAS SUFFERED FROM THE AGE OF EXPLORATION AND CONQUEST. APPROACH WHAT YOU SEE ABOVE WITH A LOVING AND UNIFIED SPIRIT. 

THE Spirit of Aloha

Approaching the sacred in the Hawaiian Island chain is best done by embodying the spirit of Aloha. This is a difficult concept to teach in one blogspot. However, one early teaching of the spirit of Aloha goes like this:

Aloha is being a part of all, and all being a part of me. When there is pain - it is my pain. When there is joy - it is also mine. I respect all that is as part of the Creator and part of me. I will not willfully harm anyone or anything. When food is needed I will take only my need and explain why it is being taken. The earth, the sky, the sea are mine to care for, to cherish and to protect (and to enjoy!). This is Hawaiian - this is Aloha!

Notes on KAPU on WAHI PANA: A lesson in protocol begins by following the kapu (the rules) for visiting wahi pana (sacred sites). In recent years, there has been increased evidence of desecration and destruction at many Hawaiian sacred places by visitors and tourists.  Much of the damage is done through ignorance of appropriate behavior rather than outright vandalism. I recommend contemplating the points at the following website before visiting:

     http://hawaii.hawaii.edu/hawaiian/KHaili/protocolwahipana.htm

MAHALO

1
Sep
"One must resolve the fear and survival angst that are barriers to a playful attitude in order to be able to access the inner world. Once that begins, however, discovery follows discovery and one soon learns that attending to the flow of energy and allowing it to move more freely can have astonishing effects on consciousness as well as on physical health."
-Rudolph Ballentine in Radical Healing, p. 382

"One must resolve the fear and survival angst that are barriers to a playful attitude in order to be able to access the inner world. Once that begins, however, discovery follows discovery and one soon learns that attending to the flow of energy and allowing it to move more freely can have astonishing effects on consciousness as well as on physical health."

-Rudolph Ballentine in Radical Healing, p. 382

27
Jul

Is Pilgrimage a most ancient rite of passage? 

Pilgrimage experiences are most directly related to Anthropology through the concept of the rite of passage. Rites of passage have historically been social inventions that ease the flow of transformation within social structures.                                             

Anthropological study of pilgrimage seems to be rooted in a paradigm of the rite of passage, of which, pilgrimage is one particular manifestation. The basic idea behind the rites of passage acknowledges that each larger societal group contains within it several, distinct social groupings. The crossing of social lines requires ceremony in a way that allows for the crossing of barriers that are necessary for the very cohesion necessary to form groups.

A seminal thinker in Anthropology is Arthur Van Gennep. He cites initiation rites that allow for an outsider to move between levels of function within a group as being fundamental to defining a rite of passage. “Embarking on a rite of passage is a process that mirrors nature, in that; everything goes through a  natural process.”[1] Therefore, Anthropology is viewing man through the lens of nature and applying those forces upon human social interactions.

The rite of passage can be seen as a “ceremony that ties human process to the natural flow of the Universe and affirms our connection to that space.”[2]   Anthropological thinkers stress a sort of a natural movement, as in the following: birth, puberty, marriage, and death. These events are all points of maturation in the growth process. Birth is the process of a soul taking physical form and joining a family unit, puberty is the act of a child being physically promoted to being an adult. Marriage is the act of two people coming together to form a committed partnership and Death is the process of one person leaving the social bonds with other people behind. What is interesting is that these are all physical changes that occur naturally. However, in all cultures these changes are further marked by ceremonies that differ in detail but are universal in function. The ceremony is what is interesting in this mode of study.

What we begin to see, is an evolving paradigm of Rites of Passage being used to establish rituals as a bridge to transcend difficult barriers. Van Gennep notes that rite of passage surround themselves around “transitional stages of life, and most significantly to crisis points in life.”[3]This model seems to be a very broad model of how humanity uses ceremony and metaphor to assist with difficult passages. In effect, these rituals have developed to smooth the passage from one state to another.

Van Gennep discusses how “the subject”   of the rite is considered “dead”   and this is a fascinating concept. There is a resurrection-type element that becomes commonplace with a rite of passage. One such passage is puberty. In puberty, the rite of passage, considers the young person dead. Upon completion of the rite, there is a regenerative quality or a resurrection that takes place. The young person is resurrected as an adult. The rite of passage symbolizes the transformation aspect of moving from one state into another, from one group to another without upsetting the existing social order. 

It is a short-step of logical substitutions to begin to view sacred site pilgrimage within the rite of passage framework of thinking. When you postulate that the subject is seeking an enhanced connection with the divine instead of an earthly transformation such as reaching adulthood in puberty or becoming an lawyer by passing the bar or being classified as married by participation in a marriage ceremony – it becomes very easy to extend that a pilgrim goes through the same cycle of transformation.

A pilgrimage is loaded with ceremony, rite and metaphor, just as the other more earthly rites. Indeed, a few Anthropologists did go onward to describe sacred site pilgrimage as a rite of passage. 

[1] Van Gennep, Arnold - The Rites of Passage: A Classic Study of Cultural Celebrations (Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press, 1961)

[2] Van Gennep, Arnold - The Rites of Passage: A Classic Study of Cultural Celebrations (Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press, 1961)

[3] Van Gennep, Arnold - The Rites of Passage: A Classic Study of Cultural Celebrations (Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press, 1961)

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  A - The Hajj: Circle the Kaaba as part of the Tawaf ritual. ’Some theologians have noted this to be a symbolic act of connecting with the natural flow of the Universe, such as the counter-clockwise rotation of electrons around atom, the Earth around the Sun and the Milky Way Galaxy around its central axis. By performing this rite, the Muslim Pilgrims assume correct natural orientation between each other an the Universe.

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 B - Raven Dancer, Gene Tagaban: The rite of passage happens between a performer and an audience. By performing and the artist dancing, the dancer manifests empowerment, awareness and honor. The dance, in many Native American cultures, serves as a doorway of connection between human will and nature. The dancer passes through a Liminal state from a previous state of non-connection and emerges connected and able to affect change.

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C - The Sacrament of Baptism is often called “The door of the Church,” because it is the first of the seven sacraments. Adult Baptism can be re-performed to affirm one’s religious and societal connections to a particular religious affiliation and social grouping.

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D - Trust rituals in native cultures

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E - Marriage rite of passage to an act of union between two people

 

 

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F - The rite of passage of war painting embodies the warrior super-human qualities and bonds warriors into an army group poised to protect the tribe.

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G - The Bar exam is a rite of passage that allows lawyers to assume a professional designation and transform from student to practitioner and assume professional status in society and with each other.